Address: ROSALES, PANGASINAN
This Guide was prepared by the Special Committee on the Protection of Children headed by the Department of Justice. KBP represented the broadcast media in the Committee.
One of the landmarks of a democratic society is the access to information on matters of public concern. Thus, Article III, Section 7 of the Philippine Constitution provides:
“The right of the people to information on matters of public concern shall be recognized. Access to official records, and to documents, and papers pertaining to official acts, transactions or decisions, as well as to government research data used as basis for policy development, shall be afforded the citizen, subject to such limitations as may be provided by law”.
As a cornerstone in a democratic society, Media provides the means for a free market of ideas. Access by media to information is given wide latitude most especially when it comes to matters of governance, public and political affairs.
However, it must be noted that the very Constitutional provision recognizing the right to access to information likewise states that the right is not without limitations.
Access to information is “subject to limitations as may be provided by law”. One such limitation is the access to information, and the publication thereof, on matters pertaining to children.
The challenge to media practitioners is to carry out their duty of informing the public effectively and at the same time being aware of the need to protect and enhance the rights of the child without in any way compromising the freedom of expression or undermining their independence as journalists. They are in the position to assess the efforts along this line and challenge everyone to comply with domestic laws and international commitments on the rights of the child.
This guide is intended to raise media awareness on issues concerning the rights of the child and at the same time reinforce journalistic standards, through selfregulation, and contribute to the protection and promotion of these rights.
Existing laws passed protecting the child provides for confidentiality. The confidentiality clauses are meant to protect the child’s right to privacy and to prevent the child from trauma, social stigma, and further suffering arising from inappropriate publicity or approaches to media coverage.
With the passage of new laws relating to children, the Special Committee for the Protection of Children saw the need to update the guidelines it formulated in 2000, consistent with the provisions provided in the laws.
DECLARATION OF STATE POLICY
The 1987 Constitution declares that the State recognizes the sanctity of family life and shall protect and strengthen the family as a basic institution. The natural and 1 primary right and duty of parents in the rearing of the youth for civic efficiency and the development of moral character shall receive the support of the Government.
The State recognizes the vital role of the youth in nation-building and shall promote and protect their physical, moral, spiritual, intellectual, and social well-being. It shall inculcate in the youth patriotism, nationalism, and encourage involvement in public and civil affairs.
The State, in the exercise of parens patriae, has the inherent duty to defend and care for its citizens, children included, considering the special care they need vis-à-vis the right to press freedom and the right to expression.
Children need special safeguards and care due to their size, vulnerability and young age. Every effort must be exerted to ensure that children are accorded special protection to enable them to grow and develop in an atmosphere of peace, dignity, tolerance, freedom, equality and solidarity. The best interest of the child shall be the primordial and paramount concern of everyone.
The United Nations has recognized that children need special care and protection.
The Convention on the Rights of the Child, to which the Philippines is a state party, recognizes that a child’s rights need to be protected and enhanced, among these, the right to privacy, honor and reputation either as a victim or in conflict with the law.
There are groups of children who need special protection. Children as victims of abuse and those who are in conflict with the law need to be shielded from inappropriate media coverage and unwarranted publicity. Reporting of their cases should be done in a manner that would promote their best interest.
COVERAGE & DEFINITIONS
This guide is primarily intended for media practitioners in the reporting and coverage of cases involving children.
PRINCIPLES & GUIDE
Children have an absolute right to privacy. The highest ethical and professional standards in reporting and covering cases of children must be observed such that in all publicity concerning children, the best interests of the child shall be the primary concern.
No information that would lead to the identity of the child or any member of his/her family shall be published or broadcast.
Exception to this are missing children, children looking for their parents or relatives or any other similar cases where revealing the identify, is for the best interest of the child.
The child’s dignity must be respected at all times.
Children have the right to be heard. Access to media by children should be encouraged.
The mass media is a partner in the promotion of child rights and the prevention of child delinquency, and is encouraged to relay consistent messages through a balanced approach.
Journalistic activity which touches on the lives and welfare of children must be carried out with sensitivity and appreciation of the vulnerable situation of children, so that children are not re-victimized or re-traumatized.
RA No. 8369, Sec. 12; RA No. 9165; RA No. 9208, Sec. 7; RA No. 9262, Sec. 44; RA No. 9344, Sec. 23; Supreme Court Rule on the Examination of Child Witnesses and the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child.
International Federation of Journalists’ Draft Guidelines and Principles for Reporting on Issues Involving Children (Adopted at Recife, Brazil, 2nd May 1998)
All journalists and media professionals have a duty to maintain the highest ethical and professional standards and should promote within the industry the widest possible dissemination of information about the International Convention on the Rights of the Child and its implications for the exercise of independent journalism.
Media organizations should regard violations of the rights of children and issues related to children’s safety, privacy, security, their education, health and social welfare and all forms of exploitation as important questions for investigation and public debate. Children have an absolute right to privacy, the only exceptions being those explicitly set out in these guidelines.
Journalistic activity which touches on the lives and welfare of children should always be carried out with appreciation of the vulnerable situation of children.
Journalists and media organizations shall strive to maintain the highest standards of ethical conduct in reporting children’s affairs and, in particular, they shall:
Journalists should put to critical examination the reports submitted and the claims made by Governments on implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child in their respective countries.
Media should not consider and report the conditions of children only as events but should continuously report the process likely to lead or leading to the occurrences of these events.
Four-hundred twenty-six entries are vying for top honors in 49 award categories of the 2008 Golden Dove Awards. The wards is now on its 17th year, The Golden Dove is the major award given by the Kapisanan ng mga Brodkaster ng Pilipinas or KBP (Association of Broadcasters of the Philippines), the premier broadcast industry organization in the Philippines.
The Golden Dove Awards was established by the KBP to pay tribute to Filipinos who have made outstanding contributions to the development of Philippine broadcasting, honor yearly outstanding achievements on radio and television, promote higher standards of excellence in broadcasting, and encourage more socially relevant programming.
The winners are chosen by a judging panel which is composed of representatives from various sectors of the community, including business, advertising, professional and civic organizations, and the youth.
The Golden Dove Awards ceremonies will be held on November 14, 2008 at the Taal Vista Hotel in Tagaytay City as the culminating event in the KBP’s annual Top Level Management Conference (TLMC).
Among the top awards Ka Doroy Award for Excellence, Lifetime Achievement, Best TV Station, Best FM Radio Station, Best AM Radio Station, Best Newscast, Best Public Affairs Program. Best Games/Variety Program, Best Drama, Best Culture and Arts Program, and Best Science and Technology Program.
Entries to the Golden Dove Awards come from KBP member stations. Many of the entries are nominated to the national judging panel by local Boards of Nominations which select the most deserving stations, personalities, and programs in their locality.
The KBP is now accepting radio advertisements that have been aired during the first semester of this year as entries to the 2008 KBP Radio Ad Awards. The Awards aims to encourage the making of more creative Filipino radio ads.
The Best Radio Ad will be chosen in each of six product categories: Corporate/Institutional, Consumer Durables, Food and Beverages, Home Products, Fashion and Personal Care, and Services. The Radio Ad of the Year (Overall Winner) l be chosen from the category winners.
The category winners are chosen in two stages. First, finalists are chosen among radio ads aired during the first semester, then from those aired during the second semester. Un-aired materials will not qualify as entries. For the complete entry rules and procedures, click here.
The Kapisanan ng mga Brodkaster ng Pilipinas (KBP) strongly condemns the killing of broadcaster Aresio Padrigao in Gingoog City, Misamis Oriental today. Like previous killings of media men, the shooting of Padrigao was done with impunity, during daylight and in front of witnesses. The assailants apparently had no fear of the law. … read more
The Kapisanan ng mga Brodkaster ng Pilipinas (KBP) said that there are still unresolved questions regarding the proposal of a group called the Music Video Performance, Inc. (MVP) to collect royalties for the broadcast of sound recordings. The MVP has been trying to convince KBP member stations to enter into a license agreement for the payment of performance royalties of sound recordings, but KBP says this might be premature. … read more
The KBP is seeking clarification from the National Telecommunications Commission (NTC) on the rules requiring radio and TV broadcasting and CATV stations to be under the supervision of a registered Electronics & Communications Engineer (ECE). Broadcast operators, particularly in the provinces, have complained that some NTC regional offices have accused their stations of violating NTC regulations because the ECE’s were not physically present in the locality where the station is operating. … read more
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